WBUR

R.I. Medical Marijuana Program Still Faces Hurdles

BOSTON — Voters in Massachusetts may get to decide by ballot question this November whether to legalize medical marijuana. It’s already legal in Vermont, Maine and Rhode Island.

But in Rhode Island there is continuing controversy over the law.

In that state, we met 62-year-old Ellen Lenox Smith of North Scituate. She’s one of more than 4,500 Rhode Island residents with state-issued medical marijuana cards.

Living With Pain

“I don’t think I know what life is like without pain,” Ellen says. “I live with it all the time.”

 Ellen and Stuart Smith of North Scituate, R.I. (Lynn Jolicoeur for WBUR)

Ellen and Stuart Smith of North Scituate, R.I. (Lynn Jolicoeur for WBUR)

Short and thin, Ellen weighs just over 100 pounds and is wearing braces on her upper back and neck.

She suffers from Ehlers-Danlos, a rare disease that makes her collagen defective and in turn weakens her ligaments and tendons.

As she describes, “they’re like over-stretched elastic bands,” which eventually snap and fail to hold her bones in place. She’s had 20 surgeries to stabilize them, some of those operations involving tendons transplanted from cadavers.

With a doctor’s approval, Ellen manages her chronic pain with marijuana, which she grows, legally, at home.

Ellen and her husband were both so amazed at how marijuana helped Ellen manage her pain and sleep better that they decided to become state-authorized “caregivers.” That means each of them can grow marijuana for up to five other patients.

Ellen and Stuart cultivate marijuana plants at various stages of growth inside three big, well-lit cabinets in their basement.

The marijuana plants inside a small room they built in their basement are about 3 feet tall and are maintained with a system of fans, lights and a dehumidifier. They require daily labor.

Fourteen mature marijuana plants in a small room the Smiths constructed in their basement. (Lynn Jolicoeur for WBUR)

Fourteen mature marijuana plants in a small room the Smiths constructed in their basement. (Lynn Jolicoeur for WBUR)

I ask Ellen and Stuart if they feel uncomfortable about growing, or in Ellen’s case, using, a drug that for most of the population is illegal.

“This is keeping me alive, so I don’t have any guilt trip here,” Ellen says. “And we became instant advocates for it. I mean, I was scared to try it. I’m not going to lie to you. I hated it in college. I didn’t like the feeling of being stoned. I don’t get stoned as a patient. I get pain relief only.”

“Once you see what the drug does for people, and then you see what other drugs do to people, medicinal marijuana is so benign relative to Oxycontin, Percocet, all these other things,” Stuart says.

Dispensaries On Hold

Those who can’t grow, or don’t want to grow marijuana themselves might eventually turn to a dispensary, or “compassion center” as they’re called in Rhode Island — if the three centers authorized by state law get the final go-ahead.

The problem? U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island Peter Neronha has a big issue with those operations.

“I have some real concerns, in a state where I believe there is an appetite for drugs, illegal drugs, that the use of marijuana here could really explode,” Neronha says.

And Neronha has the authority to shut down compassion centers and prosecute those involved. That’s because although medical marijuana is legal on the state level, under federal law it’s not.

“The concern is not with individual patients and their individual caregivers,” Neronha says. “What the department does have concerns about are large, commercial grows of marijuana that are done for profit.”

Red Tape

Last year, Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee, who supports medical marijuana, stopped the centers from opening out of concern over what steps Neronha might take.

Seth Bock, director of the planned Greenleaf Compassionate Care Center in Portsmouth, R.I. (Lynn Jolicoeur for WBUR)

Seth Bock, director of the planned Greenleaf Compassionate Care Center in Portsmouth, R.I. (Lynn Jolicoeur for WBUR)

So now, Rhode Island lawmakers are working on a compromise amendment they hope will appease the federal government by further restricting the number of marijuana plants each center can grow — centers like the one Seth Bock plans to open.

Bock, who’s an acupuncturist with a master’s degree in herbal medicine, won a state permit to open the Greenleaf Compassionate Care Center in a Portsmouth, R.I., industrial park. He insists — no matter how many plants he’ll be allowed to grow there — it will be a nonprofit, as state law requires.

Bock says he’ll have to weigh the chance of being arrested by the feds against his desire to help patients.

“I have a long history of working intimately with people that have benefited from this,” Bock says. “You know, I’m not a pothead. I’m not interested in the marijuana culture. That’s just not my thing.”

Medicine, Not Pot

Back in North Scituate, Ellen and Stuart Smith grow an organic garden, sell eggs from their free-range chickens to Whole Foods and have no plans to stop growing medical marijuana.

Ellen has a half dozen jars filled with pot — which she never calls pot, only medicine. And like many other patients, she says she does not smoke it. Rather, she heats some of hers with olive oil, strains it, and then swallows it about a tablespoon at a time.

We’ve met the real people that need [medical marijuana], and they have a right to dignity and quality of life and this is giving it to them.
– Ellen Smith

“This is a night-time sleeping medication for me,” Ellen says, “and I have found ingesting it this way, getting it into my system, it carries me through most of the day.”

And though she’s seen news accounts of some registered caregivers and patients selling marijuana illicitly, Ellen insists that no one other than patients has ever come to her or her husband asking to buy the drug.

“We want to try to continue to keep this program as clean as we can and eliminate those people that are abusing it, because that’s not what it’s here for,” Ellen says. “We’ve met the real people that need this, and they have a right to dignity and quality of life, and this is giving it to them.”

Mass. Ballot Initiative 

The U.S. attorney and Rhode Island State Police tell us they have made some arrests of people involved in the program, as have local police in Rhode Island. Rhode Island does not keep statistics tracking those arrests.

Massachusetts Attorney General Martha Coakley’s office has certified the medical marijuana ballot initiative here in Massachusetts. Backers now have to gather about 11,000 signatures to get it on the November ballot. Coakley is not taking a public position on the issue.

Please follow our community rules when engaging in comment discussion on wbur.org.
  • malcolmkyle

    Maybe you’re a police officer, a prison guard or a local/national politician. Possibly you’re scared of losing employment, overtime-pay, the many kick-backs and those regular fat bribes. But what good will any of that do you once our society has followed Mexico over the dystopian abyss of dismembered bodies, vats of acid and marauding thugs carrying gold-plated AK-47s with leopard-skinned gunstocks? 

    Kindly allow us to forgo the next level of your sycophantic prohibition-engendered mayhem. 

    Prohibition Prevents Regulation : Legalize, Regulate and Tax!

  • Ahawrilenko

    There are  laws that make no sense and categorizing substances as “illegal” is one of them. Controlling substance use by enforcing age restrictions may have some merit although even that is debatable. Not until society’s overreaching goal becomes that of raising emotionally healthy children will the problems of addiction begin to disappear. There are still so many things we need to learn about ourselves as human beings.

  • Chris L

    ‘“I have some real concerns, in a state where I believe there is an appetite for drugs, illegal drugs, that the use of marijuana here could really explode,” Neronha says.’

    Because all those Rhode Islanders who have an appetite for illegal drugs are currently holding off on trying marijuana until it’s made legal?

  • http://twitter.com/legalizepot2012 legalizepot2012

    “The concern is not with individual patients and their individual
    caregivers,” Neronha says. “What the department does have concerns about
    are large, commercial grows of marijuana that are done for profit.”

    I also have concerns. I am concerned about the people like Mr. Neronha who are profiteering off of prohibition. The US government has spent nearly 3 trillion dollars on the failed “war on drugs” in the last 40 yrs . Pot prohibition was wrought from outright fraud, pandering to extreme racism and corrupt monopolistic business practices.  The whole thing is a shameful disgrace. All of the money would have been much better spent funding education, health and housing. Prohibition is a significant underlying factor in out currently out of control economy. Prohibition didn’t work the first time around and it hasn’t worked this time either. All that prohibition has achieved is the the ruination of many peoples lives and the enrichment of the prohibition industry and the black market dealers. The only things that give this cheap to produce vegetable matter value is its illegal status. Cannabis has never killed anybody. Aspirin kills nearly 2,000 people per year. The number of lives lost because of prohibition probably runs into the millions when one looks at it globally. Estimated loss of life in Mexico this year alone will be at least 25,000 because of drug gangs & cartels wrought by black market demand.

    “Marijuana” was listed in the us pharmacopeia under the names cannabis & hemp up until prohibition. One of the main reasons Anslinger & consorts introduced the name Marijuana was to mislead people and hide its use as a valuable medicine. Cannabis has been used as medicine since the beginning of recorded history and evidence indicates for quit some time before that, nearly 12,000 yrs in fact.

    It is time we ended this prohibitionist scam and started taking an attitude of reason and harm reduction.

  • kevin_hunt

    Good thing RI has a patient cultivation provision!

    • Jwalshca

      Please I have 2 different cancers and a hep c and a bad pancris and live in mass and need. It to be legal. So I’ll stop losing weight and god the naushess is horrible please keep up your great support I real need the votes or die starving with out it Ty hugs living with cancer

    • Jwalshca

      What is that and could it help if I live in Boston I have cancer. And I can’t do kemo because of pancris so medical marijuana is the only thing that helps I don’t want to keep taking pain meds

      • kevin_hunt

         Sorry to hear of your condition.  “Patient cultivation” is a provision where RI medical marijuana patients are allowed to grow their own marijuana.  This is important, as the Feds are not targeting individual patients, just for-profit dispensaries.  In order to benefit from this, you would have to establish residency in Rhode Island.  If that is not practical, you may benefit from Marinol, which is a drug that is legal in all 50 states. This synthetic THC pill has been criticized as being less effective than natural marijuana, though: http://norml.org/component/zoo/category/marinol-vs-natural-cannabis.  You may want to get involved in changing the law in MA so you don’t have to be a criminal to get relief from your condition. Contact http://www.masscann.org  Best wishes with beating the cancer!

      • kevin_hunt

         Sorry to hear of your condition.  “Patient cultivation” is a provision where RI medical marijuana patients are allowed to grow their own marijuana.  This is important, as the Feds are not targeting individual patients, just for-profit dispensaries.  In order to benefit from this, you would have to establish residency in Rhode Island.  If that is not practical, you may benefit from Marinol, which is a drug that is legal in all 50 states. This synthetic THC pill has been criticized as being less effective than natural marijuana, though: http://norml.org/component/zoo/category/marinol-vs-natural-cannabis.  You may want to get involved in changing the law in MA so you don’t have to be a criminal to get relief from your condition. Contact http://www.masscann.org  Best wishes with beating the cancer!

  • Nirunzone

    YUP  it should be legalized in the form of medical use.I t is also benefit for economic booster programmer,hence it should be legal for many other purposes too.

  • Jwalshca@yahoo.com

    Please I have 2 different cancers and a hep c and a bad pancris and live in mass and need. It to be legal. So I’ll stop losing weight and god the naushess is horrible please keep up your great support I real need the votes or die starving with out it Ty hugs living with cancer

Most Popular