Iranian Entrepreneurs Make Pitches That Are Just Practice, For Now
Imagine this: You have a great idea for an Internet startup. You're sure it will work. You are ready to be part of the global market. There's one big problem: You live in Iran, a country facing some of the most extensive financial sanctions imposed on any country in the world.
That was the challenge for a team of young Iranian entrepreneurs competing in the recent Startup Istanbul, where aspiring entrepreneurs got to pitch ideas to the founders of successful tech companies and venture capitalists at a conference in Turkey.
The Iranians came armed with hot business ideas and plenty of enthusiasm, their first time competing on an international stage.
Here are the top Internet companies in Iran and their estimated value:
Digikala: $150 million
Aparat Group: $30 million
Café Bazaar: $20 million.
Source: The Economist
"We are so glad that today we have teams who traveled from Tehran and they are going to pitch here," says Mohsen Malayeri, the 29-year-old founder of Avatech Accelerator who describes himself as a builder of startup communities in Iran.
'Startup Fever Is Everywhere'
Malayeri has organized more than a dozen startup weekends in nine Iranian cities for a generation excited about the prospects of a tech career in a country where 65 percent of the population is under 35 years old.
"The average (age) is like 23 to 25 usually, but we have people who are showing up, a 12-year-old guy with an idea, which is quite impressive," he says.
I meet Malayeri at Microsoft headquarters in Istanbul as the competition kicked off.
"Startup fever is everywhere," he says.
The HBO show Silicon Valley is now a big hit in Iran, where it can be downloaded from the Internet. The fever swept through the country two years ago and there are already multimillion-dollar startups generating jobs.
The Iranian teams came to Istanbul to learn international best practices to build on those successes.
"They are going to pitch, they are going to hear feedback from the mentors and investors," says Malayeri.
There's a Silicon Valley vibe in the basement of Microsoft headquarters in Istanbul, and the Iranians fit right in. At long wooden tables, the clatter of keyboards and the familiar pings of email alerts is the background music in an open space where new ideas are shared over endless free coffee and competitive pingpong matches. The young crowd represents a new tech culture in the region.
Companies from Jordan, Pakistan, Turkey and Saudi Arabia are among the more than 100 Internet startups at the event. Women have founded some of the most successful ventures. The pitches to investors reflect the vision across the region to build Internet companies that streamline everything and create jobs.
No Way Around Sanctions
One of the most promising Iranian companies is a pioneer in e-commerce. Though it's new, Zarin Pal's market potential is huge: Iran has a population of 80 million. Established in 2010, it already has a customer base of 6 million, says Mostapha Amiri, a co-founder.
Amiri was making the pitches at the Istanbul event. Sotoodeh Adibi, another founding member, was going over last-minute details with him.
"It is going to become very popular year by year," she says of Zarin Pal, which is based on the same model as PayPal.
Amiri is obviously nervous as he faces the panel of mentors who will help him shape the pitch. He has never done this before in English.
The mentors include a venture capitalist from Silicon Valley and a couple of successful startup pioneers.
Amiri has 10 minutes to outline his proposal and describe the Iranian market. He explains there is a young, connected population with no access to international credit cards due to sanctions. However, debit cards linked to Iranian banks are extremely popular.
Zarin Pal has built these links into a successful Internet business for the domestic market and now wants to offer the service to the 5 million Iranians who live abroad, Amiri explains.
If the team came from any other place in the Middle East, Zarin Pal would be an obvious candidate for investment. But the financial sanctions are still firmly in place, and that means the doors are closed to the global market. The mentors are impressed with the business model, but when it comes to sanctions, there's nothing they can do, they say.
Despite the warm applause, the Iranian team leaves the mentor session deeply disappointed.
"We need their help to open the doors of our country," Amiri says.
Investments, Not Boycotts
They voice the frustration of many young Iranians, born after the 1979 Islamic Revolution. They are eager for change, for jobs and for a role in building Iran's future.
American Dave McClure, one of the mentors at the Istanbul event, wants to help.
"Instead of boycotting countries maybe we should be investing in their entrepreneurs," says McClure, a founding partner of 500 Startups, which backs promising Internet business in the region — although "not in Iran yet, it's still illegal."
McClure encourages investment to counter the region's gloomy news narrative.
"Young people without jobs is a problem, so, creating jobs is a way to fill that gap," he says.
McClure is convinced that regional investment is good for the U.S. "as a way to have a better foreign policy approach and probably increase national security." And he's willing to write a check to test it.
His latest venture is Geeks on a Plane, where he invites investors to travel to the region to finance the new tech culture. Tehran is on his wish list for next year.
He's a hero to Iranian entrepreneurs after a recent speech in Berkeley where he challenged wealthy Iranian-Americans to invest in Iran's tech culture rather than what he called expensive, "sexy sports cars." His speech went viral in Tehran.
Talking To Top Investors
On the closing day of the competition, the Iranian team was one of 14 companies the judges sent on to the finals. Amiri was on stage again in front of a panel of judges and a packed house. This is the pitch that counts.
"Hi, I'm Mostapha from Zarin Pal, we are the first Iranian e-wallet system," he begins in a bit of a shaky start.
He's honed the presentation over the four days of this event. He's learned to hit all the highlights. It's the first time an Iranian team has pitched in English.
Back home, the Iranian government still places restrictions on the Internet, banning access to Facebook and Twitter. But it is removing domestic barriers for these startup entrepreneurs. Many are encouraged by a government-backed increase in Internet speed and a mobile 3G connection now offered by two main operators in Iran.
Malayeri, Avatech Accelerator's founder and organizer of the trip, says the team has won just by coming to Istanbul.
"I'm not sure if there is any cash prize in place, but talking to top active investors is considered as a prize," he says, beaming.
As for the Zarin Pal team, their efforts were good enough to garner an honorable mention — the only one in the entire competition — and, more important, the attention of international investors. If the sanctions are lifted, these young Iranians want to be ready to jump quickly into the global market.
MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
Imagine this - you have a great idea for an internet startup company. You know how it works. You're ready to be part of the global market. There is one big problem. You live in Iran, a country facing the most extensive financial sanctions in the world. That was the challenge last month for a team of young Iranian entrepreneurs at a gathering for startups in Istanbul. NPR's Deborah Amos followed them as they made their pitch to bring new technologies to Iran.
DEBORAH AMOS, BYLINE: OK, here's the scene. In the basement of Microsoft's headquarters in Istanbul, there's the clatter of keyboards, the familiar pings of email alerts. At long wooden tables, almost everyone is peering into a laptop screen.
(SOUNDBITE OF PING-PONG GAME)
AMOS: The vibe is Silicon Valley, including a ping-pong table and endless free coffee and sweets. But this crowd represents a new tech culture in the Middle East. These startup weekends are part of that emerging culture. It's where aspiring entrepreneurs get to pitch ideas to successful tech company founders and venture capitalists. More than 100 internet startups from across the Middle East are here - from Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia - and there's one newcomer.
MOHSEN MALAYERI: We are so glad that today, we have two teams that have traveled from Tehran, and they're going to pitch here.
AMOS: He's 29-year-old Mohsen Malayeri. He's the founder of Avetech Accelerator. He calls himself a builder of startup communities in Iran.
Does it make people nervous to go and pitch?
MALAYERI: It does. It really does. The more pitch you do, the lesser stress you'll have for the next one.
AMOS: The pitches reflect the vision of this generation. They want to streamline everything, and some of the most successful companies are founded by women. Malayeri says, startup fever hit Iran about two years. He's organized about a dozen startup weekends in Iran for a generation excited about the prospects of a tech career in a country where 65 percent of the population is under 35 years old.
MALAYERI: And I told you about the average. It's like 23 to 25, usually. But we have people who are showing up - a 12-year-old guy with an idea, which is quite impressive sometimes.
AMOS: Here in Istanbul, this Iranian team hopes to impress the panel of mentors. Mostapha Amiri and Sotoodeh Adibi are huddled around a computer screen. They're practicing their pitch.
MOSTAPHA AMIRI: We do not have any kind of connectivity to Visa or MasterCard.
AMOS: Meet the founders of Zarin Pal, Iran's first e-commerce site. It's similar to PayPal. E-commerce is new in Iran, but the potential is huge in the country of 80 million. Amiri and Adibi say their service is catching on.
SOTOODEH ADIBI: Not like other countries, but it's going to become very popular year-by-year.
AMIRI: We have just 6 million online payments in Iran.
AMOS: Only six million?
AMIRI: Yeah, just.
AMOS: OK, you're going in now?
AMOS: In this first round, Amiri faces the panel of mentors who will help him shape the pitch. They include a venture capitalist from Silicon Valley and a couple of successful startup pioneers.
AMIRI: (Unintelligible) population in Iran...
AMOS: He outlines the Iranian market - a young connected population - no access to international credit cards, but 300 million debit cards linked to Iranian banks. Zarin Pal has built this into a successful Internet business for the domestic market. If the team had come from any other place in the Middle East, the company would be an obvious candidate for investment. But financial sanctions are still firmly in place, and that means the doors are closed to the global market. The mentors say there's not much they can do. Adibi and Amiri are deeply disappointed, and you can hear the pain.
How did it go?
ADIBI: Yeah, it's over.
AMOS: Was it good?
ADIBI: Good enough. Yeah.
AMOS: Was it helpful, though?
ADIBI: Helpful - they actually didn't say that they're going to help a lot in the - because of the sanctions.
AMIRI: We need the help to open the doors of our country.
AMOS: If the sanctions aren't gone, can you do this?
AMIRI: We will try.
AMOS: They voice the frustration of many young Iranians eager for change, for job opportunities, for a role in building Iran's future. Dave McClure, a mentor at this conference, says, he would invest in Iran if he could. He's a founding partner of 500 Startups, that backs promising internet businesses in the Middle East.
DAVE MCCLURE: We're, I guess, somewhat notorious for being one of the more frequent investors in startups outside the U.S., although not in Iran yet. Actually, that's still illegal, according to the current challenges that the U.S. government has with Iran.
AMOS: McClure encourages investments to counter the region's gloomy news narrative. His latest group is called Geeks on a Plane - investors that travel the region to finance the new tech culture - and Tehran is on his wish list for next year.
MCCLURE: Instead of boycotting countries, maybe we should be investing in their entrepreneurs as a way to have a better foreign policy approach and probably increase national security as a result.
AMOS: On the closing day of the competition, the Iranian team is one of 14 companies that makes it to the finals. Mostapha Amiri makes his presentation to the judges and a packed house. This is the pitch that counts.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: How are you feeling? Are you nervous?
AMIRI: A little.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Can we do anything about you being nervous?
AMIRI: I don't know.
AMOS: It's all part of the culture of startup weekends. The audience claps a countdown for him to start.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: And one...
(SOUNDBITE OF CLAP)
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Two...
(SOUNDBITE OF CLAPS)
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Three...
(SOUNDBITE OF CLAPS)
AMIRI: Hi. I'm Mostapha from Zarin Pal. We are the first Iranian e-wallet system.
AMOS: He's honed the presentation over the past four days. He's learned to hit all the highlights. It's the first time for Iranian entrepreneurs to compete on an international stage. Mohsen Malayeri, the builder of startup communities in Iran who brought the team here, says, they won just by coming to Istanbul.
MALAYERI: I'm not sure if there's any cash prize in place, but, I mean, talking to top active investors is considered as a prize, right? So that's what they get.
AMOS: Are you surprised that the Iranian team got this far?
MALAYERI: I'm kind of happy. Yeah. I mean, these guys - it was their first pitch completely in English, so that was quite good.
AMOS: It's good enough to get an honorable mention in the competition - more important, the intention of international investors. If Iran sanctions are lifted, these young Iranians want to be ready to jump quickly into the global market. Deborah Amos, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.