Across Europe, the conflict between Israel and Gaza has sparked large protests, including in Germany, home to around four million Muslims, or 5 percent of the population. Dozens of demonstrations against Israel's policy in Gaza have been held across the country over the last few weeks.
But because Nazi Germany engineered the Holocaust, many Germans today feel uncomfortable criticizing Israel.
And the protests have sparked a fierce debate about whether the country is a seeing a rise in anti-Semitism. BBC Berlin correspondent Damien McGuinness says guilt over the Holocaust has made supporting Israel a "doctrine of faith" for much of Germany.
- Damien McGuinness, correspondent for the BBC in Berlin, Germany.
This segment aired on August 12, 2014.