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One week after a Florida jury found George Zimmerman not guilty in the death of unarmed teen Trayvon Martin, people began to gather for nationwide rallies to press for federal civil rights charges against the former neighborhood watch leader.
In a grassroots effort led by Boston-area residents, a rally was held outside the John F. Kennedy federal building by Boston's Government Center Saturday. In Springfield, peaceful protesters also gathered outside the U.S. District Court building, on State Street.
The Florida case has become a flashpoint in separate but converging national debates over self-defense laws, guns and race relations. Zimmerman, who successfully claimed self-defense, identifies as Hispanic. Martin was black.
"I definitely think [the government] should step in and charge him with a civil rights violation," said Sarah Tavano, of East Boston, who attended the Government Center rally. "[Zimmerman] profiled him, then stalked him and killed him. They say it wasn't a race issue; it definitely is a race issue. Profiling is a race issue. Profiling is discrimination. Discrimination and racism go hand in hand."
The Rev. Al Sharpton's National Action Network organized other "Justice for Trayvon" rallies and vigils outside federal buildings in at least 101 cities, from New York and Los Angeles to Wichita, Kan., and Atlanta.
Most rallies were scheduled for noon local times. Hundreds of people -- including music superstars Jay-Z and Beyonce, as well as Martin's mother, Sybrina Fulton — gathered in New York in one of Rev. Sharpton's rallies.
Fulton told the crowd she was determined to fight for societal and legal changes needed to ensure that black youths are no longer viewed with suspicion because of their skin color.
"I promise you I'm going to work for your children as well," she said to the rally crowd.
At a morning appearance at Sharpton's headquarters in Harlem, she implored people to understand that the tragedy involved more than Martin alone. "Today it was my son. Tomorrow it might be yours," she said.
In addition to pushing the Justice Department to investigate civil rights charges against Zimmerman, Sharpton told supporters he wants to see a rollback of stand-your-ground self-defense laws.
"We are trying to change laws so that this never, ever happens again," Sharpton said.
Stand-your-ground laws are on the books in more than 20 states, and they go beyond many older, traditional self-defense statutes. In general, the laws eliminate a person's duty to retreat in the face of a serious physical threat.
Zimmerman did not invoke Florida's stand-your-ground law, instead relying on a traditional self-defense argument. Nor was race discussed in front of the jury that acquitted Zimmerman. But the two topics have dominated public discourse about the case, and came up throughout Saturday's rallies.
In Indianapolis, the Rev. Jeffrey Johnson told about 200 attendees that the nationwide effort is about making life safer for young black men. Johnson said young black men still are endangered by racial profiling.
Part of Sharpton's comments echoed those made by President Obama on the case Friday. "Racial profiling is not as bad as segregation, but you don't know the humiliation of being followed in a department store," Sharpton said.
Attorney General Eric Holder announced this week that his department would investigate whether Zimmerman could be charged under federal civil rights laws. Such a case would require evidence that Zimmerman harbored racial animosity against Martin. Most legal experts say that would be a difficult charge to bring.
Holder said the shooting demonstrates the need to re-examine stand-your-ground laws.
With reporting by The Associated Press and WBUR's Lynn Jolicoeur in Boston
This program aired on July 20, 2013. The audio for this program is not available.
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