Massachusetts voters appear to want to significantly change the way the state's tax burden is shared.
A new WBUR poll (topline results, crosstabs) finds three proposed 2018 statewide ballot initiatives are enjoying overwhelming support from Massachusetts voters. The live telephone poll was conducted by the MassINC Polling Group for WBUR.
The initiatives would raise the income tax on earnings greater than $1 million a year; lower the state sales tax from 6.25 percent to 5 percent; and require employers to provide paid family medical leave.
The ballot initiative adding a surtax on income over $1 million would direct the money raised to pay for education and transportation.
Seventy-six percent of registered voters polled say they would "strongly or somewhat" support such a measure. Nineteen percent say they would oppose it.
The state Department of Revenue estimates that this so-called millionaires' tax would raise between $1.6 billion and $2.2 billion in additional annual revenue.
Noah Berger, president of the liberal Massachusetts Budget and Policy Center, says the state could use the extra income.
"With the budget crisis we've had year after year, the state hasn't been able to make those kinds of long-term investments that could make a real positive difference in people's lives and in the future of our economy -- things like making higher education more affordable, expanding access to high-quality early education, and improving our K through 12 schools," Berger said. "A new revenue source ought to be able to help us to address those long-term challenges and long-term challenges in our transportation system."
The ballot initiative to lower the state sales tax would also create a permanent sales tax holiday one weekend each year.
Sixty-nine percent of respondents say they would support the initiative, while 20 percent say they would oppose it.
House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Jeffrey Sánchez, a Boston Democrat, tells WBUR the sales tax cut would cost the state $1.3 billion in annual revenues.
And whereas the high-income surtax is targeted, the sales tax cut would hit across the board. "Sales tax goes into the general fund, and we expend it throughout the entire budget," Sánchez said.
MassINC pollster Steve Koczela sees support for these two measures as part of a broader national populist sentiment.
"You raise wealthy people's taxes, and you cut your own taxes," Koczela said. "The sales tax is paid by a much broader swath of people in Massachusetts. Anybody who buys something in Massachusetts pays the sales tax, whereas the so-called Fair Share or millionaires' tax would raise taxes only on a very small percentage of the population.
"So you can actually see [the initiatives] as both related to one another ... and also as part the general national political trend where the middle classes and people who aren't going to be affected by the millionaires' tax are looking for ways to re-balance things economically."
If both measures pass, the projected increase in annual state revenue would be between $300 million and $900 million.
Eileen McAnneny, president of the business-supported Massachusetts Taxpayers Foundation, warns against making tax policy by ballot initiative.
"Those conversations are better taking place through the legislative process," she said. "It's more deliberative and more thoughtful."
McAnneny also warns that some of the money from the millionaires' tax might not materialize.
"It's likely to be less than [what the state estimates]," she said. "We've seen that in other states that have enacted similar policies, namely New Jersey and Connecticut. A lot of the money that will come in is based on volatile sources of income, so things like capital gains, and dividends, and interest, which is highly cyclical and where people have some control when they sell capital assets and so forth."
The millionaires' initiative is headed for the 2018 ballot but faces a constitutional challenge. The state's highest court has scheduled oral arguments on the initiative's constitutionality for early next year.
Supporters of the other two initiatives must gather tens of thousands of signatures by December 6.
The third proposed measure would allow workers to take paid leave for a new child, a family illness or if a family member goes on active military service. It would be paid for by employers, who'd pay a 0.6 percent payroll tax to cover the cost.
Eighty-two percent of polled registered voters say they would support the measure. Twelve percent say they would oppose it.
The poll surveyed 503 registered voters between November 9 and November 12. It has a margin of error of 4.4 percent.
Correction: An earlier version of this story said all three initiatives had to collect signatures; the income tax surtax is already on the ballot. We regret the error.
This article was originally published on November 15, 2017.
This segment aired on November 16, 2017.