The Sustainable GrillPlay
Acclaimed chef Barton Seaver is with us, taking his sustainable spin on cooking — heirloom veggies, humanely raised meats — to the grill.
Fire up the grill on a beautiful summer evening, says my guest today, chef Barton Seaver, and you’re halfway to heaven. It’s seasonal, it’s celebratory, it’s social – everything, he says, that food and cooking should be.
But Seaver isn’t just a chef. He’s a conservationist. And he’s talking these days about sustainable grilling. The wood — hickory, oak, cherry. The protein — way beyond beef. The veggies — charred brussel sprouts, braised okra, grilled bok choy. And don’t forget the griddled crab cakes.
This hour, On Point: Sustainable grilling with chef Barton Seaver.
-- Tom Ashbrook
Barton Seaver, author of "Where There's Smoke: Simple, Sustainable, Delicious Grilling." (@bartonseaver)
From Tom's Reading List
Salt Lake City Weekly: Barbecue by the book — "As a leading authority on sustainable foods, here, Seaver turns his prowess to the grill, offering up advice on how to incorporate sustainability into our everyday culinary lives, and does it in delicious fashion with recipes such as wood-grilled snap peas with smoky aioli (yum!), chimichurri-marinated short ribs, grilled Pacific halibut with pistachio butter (double yum!) and smoked clams & mussels."
Epicurious: Sustainable Grilling With Barton Seaver — "Seaver took some time to answer a few questions about how to get started grilling, why fall is his favorite time to grill, and gives some tips on how to grill seafood. And of course, shares several of his grilling recipes."
Recipe: A Venerable Wine Spritzer
For many people, the wine spritzer has become a beverage of ill repute, conjuring up memories of high-school encounters with Boone's Farm or worse. But I think that wine is a great mixer when paired smartly with other ingredients. Get a good-quality wine, but don't go overboard on a bottle that really should be enjoyed on it's own. The recipe can also be made in big batches and served from a pitcher. Simply multiply the quantities by eight to use a full bottle of wine.
3 or 4 ice cubes
3 ounces dry Riesling wine (you can get some very nice bottles for about $9)
1 ½ ounces dry vermouth (I greatly prefer Dolin brand, but Noilly Prat is also good)
1 ounce club soda
1 sprig fresh basil or tarragon
Put the ice in a rocks glass; add the wine and vermouth. Stir to combine and chill. Add the soda and basil sprig and serve immediately.
Recipe: Ember- Roasted Squash Hummus
I first tried this dish when I was looking for an interesting vegan option to put on my menus. While my restaurants were certainly vegetarian/vegan friendly, the focus of the menu was anything but. I wanted to present some options that were more than the usual, but I kept coming back to hummus, because it is so delicious. So I tried a few different ways to make it, and this one was a winner. Any type of thick-skinned autumn squash will do in this recipe. My favorites are kabocha, butternut, Hubbard, and regular old pumpkin. I prefer to serve this with baguette slices, but it’s also good with toasted pita bread triangles or carrot and celery sticks.
Place the entire squash in the embers of a medium charcoal and wood fire after you have finished cooking another meal, or set up a small charcoal fire, place the squash on the grill grate rack directly above it, and cover the grill. The squash, depending on its size, will cook in 45 minutes to 1 ½ hours. It is done when the skin is charred and the squash deflates a little with light pressure. Let it cool for 20 minutes.
Cut the squash in half, then scoop out and discard the seeds, being careful not to remove too much of the flesh when you do this. Remove the flesh from the skin – scrape right down to the skin, because that is where all the sweet, awesome smoke flavor is! If some charred flakes get mixed in, that’s fine.
Place the flesh in a food processor. Add the tahini, lemon juice, and garlic if using. Purée the mixture until it is relatively smooth but there are still a few chunks. Season with a few pinches of salt and then, with the machine running, add the olive oil in a slow, steady stream through the feed tube. The mixture will begin to change color as the olive oil is incorporated. After you have added about 1 cup of the oil, stop the machine, scrape down the side, and taste the hummus. If you think it needs a little more salt, then go ahead and add it. The mixture should be thick at this point, close to a mayonnaise in texture. Turn the machine back on and add another cup of oil, then taste again. The hummus should have a balanced, sweet-sour-smoky- rich flavor. If it seems not quite right, or too thick, continue to add as much of the remaining oil as you need to get the right consistency.
This is the best if it is left to chill for a couple of hours before serving, but it can be served right away. Before presenting it to your guests, check the flavor balance one more time and adjust if necessary with more salt and/or lemon juice.
Spoon the hummus into a large bowl and garnish it with a few gratings or nutmeg using a Microplane or nutmeg grater and a pinch of the pepper. Serve with baguette slices.
1 medium autumn squash (2 to 3 pounds)
1 cup tahini (sesame paste; available in most grocery stores)
Juice of 2 lemons
1 clove garlic, grated on a Microplane or very finely minced (optional)
2 to 3 cups extra-virgin olive oil
Freshly grated nutmeg
Espelette pepper or crushed red pepper
1 small baguette, sliced on this bias ½ inch thick.
Serves 4 to 8
Recipe: Zucchini with Dried Tomatoes and Mint
This is one of the most satisfying and easy-to-prepare dishes if you have the dried tomatoes on hand. Zucchini is a vegetable that plays very nicely with others. What I love so much about it is that zucchini works with an amazing range of flavors and can express itself differently, depending on how it's cooked and what it's partnered with. In this dish, I tend to slightly undercook the zucchini so that it retains a slight bite and displays a hint of bitterness, which balances well with the sweet/smoky flavor.
1 ½ pound zucchini, ends trimmed
2 tablespoons oil from smoke-dried tomatoes (see page 281)
3 smoke-dried tomatoes
1 tablespoons red wine vinegar
Leaves from 8 sprigs fresh mint, torn
Cut each zucchini in half lengthwise. Cut each half into 1-inch triangle-shaped chuncks. Toss the zucchini with the tomato oil and season it lightly with salt.
Place the zucchini in a grill basket directly over the coals of a small fire (see page 15) flavored with a few wood chips and cook for 5 minutes without moving. Gently toss the zucchini pieces and cook for another 2 minutes, then remove them from the grill.
Slice the dried tomatoes into thin strips. Toss the still-warm zucchini with the tomatoes, vinegar, and mint. Season with a pinch of salt and serve immediately.
Recipe: Grill-Roasted Chicken
Smaller birds are easier to manage on the grill in terms of ensuring doneness, plus I like serving a half bird to each guest. The brine is an important component of this recipe and replaces the need to season the birds before cooking. Drizzling the chickens with lemon-infused oil for the last few minutes of cooking adds an incredible scent that really enlivens the meat.
The choice of wood for this is key, as too strong a flavor will mask the delicate nature of a pasture-raised bird. Will it taste as good if heavily smoked with mesquite or hickory? Sure it will. But it won't taste much like chicken. I have recently come to really appreciate the smokey flavor citrus wood generates. Another delicious option is to make a wood fire of oak or maple, in which the wood is providing more heat than aromatic smoke, then add dried fennel stalks about the grate so that they smolder alongside the chicken. Or add the dried stalks of end-of-the-season basil plants. They impart a wonderful musky basil flavor that is perfect with chicken, though the smoke they generate cane sometimes smell like the parking lot at a Grateful Dead concert.
Two 2-pound young chickens, or one 3 ½ to 4-pound bird.
2 recipes of Poultry Brine (page 262)
3 tablespoons brightly flavored olive oil (I greatly prefer Meyer lemon-infused olive oil, see Infused Oils, page 273)
Place chickens in large bowl or pot and pour in the brine. Cover and refrigerate for 12 to 24 hours.
Drain the brine. Place the chickens on a baking sheet and dry them with a desk fan for an hour to form a tacky layer on the skin surface; this is called a pellicle, and it’s what the smoke flavor will stick to. You can also dry them overnight, uncovered, in the refrigerator.
Build a large fire in the grill (page 15). When it has died down to embers, add the flavoring wood chips or stalks. Place the chickens on the grill away from the coals, with the legs closer to the fire. Cover the grill and choke the airflow to a sliver. Cook for 30 minutes, adding more wood chips if necessary to keep a billowing smoke going. Check the bird with an instant-read thermometer inserted into the leg against the bone. It should register between 135 and 140 degrees F. Rotate the birds so that the breasts are closer to the fire. Cover the grill and cook for another 10 minutes. Uncover the grill and drizzle the birds with 1 tablespoon of the olive oil, then cover and cook until the thermometer registers 160 degrees F, about another 5 minutes.
Remove the birds from the grill and let them rest for 15 minutes. Section the birds into legs and breasts and drizzle them with the remaining 2 tablespoons olive oil. Serve immediately.
Serves 4 to 6
Recipe: Escarole with Nectarines and Ricotta Salata
Most recipes for escarole involve cooking it down for a long period of time over low heat to turn its bitterness into a mellow and sweet flavor. But a good-quality, young head of this lettuce can make for a sublime salad if balanced with a sweet component. In this recipe, it is grilled nectarines, which have a smoky, caramelized sweetness but also maintain some of their piercing acidity. The walnuts add a nice textural component, and the ricotta salata provides a salty punctuation.
Ricotta salata is a salted and pressed version of ricotta cheese. Both fresh goat cheese and feta cheese share its characteristics and can be substituted.
4 nectarines, pitted and cut into quarters
3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
1 head escarole, trimmed of heavy stems and cut crosswise into 1-inch-wide strips
1/2 cup chopped walnuts
Juice of 1 orange
1 tablespoon maple syrup (optional)
3 ounces ricotta salata
Freshly ground black pepper
Toss the nectarines with a little of the olive oil and a pinch of salt. Grill the fruit directly over the coals of a small fi re (see page 15) until they begin to soften and caramelize, 7 to 10 minutes. Remove from the heat and set aside.
In a large bowl, mix the escarole, walnuts, orange juice, and remaining olive oil. Season to taste with salt and toss to combine. Taste the salad. If it is too bitter for you, add the maple syrup and toss to combine.
Arrange the grilled nectarines around the rim of a platter and place the salad in the middle. Crumble the ricotta over the salad, add a few grinds of black pepper, and serve.
Recipe: Grilled Spiced Olives
Olives are underappreciated in this country. I think that we have been culinarily numbed by the canned black olives of pizza fame and the not-so-good green olives that populate cheap cocktail bars. But olives, in all their seemingly infinite varieties, are among the most dynamic and interesting snacks available to start a meal. I particularly like to marinate them with spices and then grill them to accentuate their flavor. In this recipe, I use some of the marinating spices to create smoke that will infuse the olives as they heat through on the grill.
Mix the olives, orange zest and juice, fennel seeds, thyme, and cinnamon together in a medium bowl. Let marinate for at least a day at room temperature.
Remove the cinnamon stick and thyme sprigs (but reserve them) and put the olives in a grill basket. Cook them directly over the coals of a small charcoal and fruitwood fire until they begin to sizzle and caramelize. Move the basket away from the heat, add the cinnamon stick and thyme sprigs to the fire, and cover the grill, letting the smoke infuse the olives with the flavor of the cinnamon and thyme for about 5 minutes.
Transfer olives to a bowl. Drizzle with the olive oil and serve immediately.
2 cups mixed olives
1 orange, zest removed in large strips using a vegetable peeler, then juiced
1 teaspoon fennel seeds
2 sprigs fresh thyme
1 stick cinnamon
1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
Recipes reprinted with permission from Where There’s Smoke © 2013 by Barton Seaver, Sterling Epicure, an imprint of Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.
This program aired on July 2, 2013.