Listen closely to the court-admitted audio tapes of James "Whitey" Bulger's jailhouse conversations, and you'll hear some interesting things. In one conversation between Bulger and his brother John, they discuss money Bulger funneled to hitman-now-government-witness John Martarano.
"It was handed to him?" Bulger says.
"No," says John, "It went to Mikey Flemmi's House... They whacked it up probably."
And then a bit later there's this:
"Stir it up," Bulger says. "That's amazing."
Stir it up. Depending on the context, the phrase could mean a lot of things. Linguist Ben Zimmer's been listening closely to the trial of James "Whitey" Bulger, and he says witness testimony has "opened up a time capsule of old-school Boston mobspeak" that traces its history back more than 300 hundred years.
Boston Globe: "The witnesses presented a whole typology of mobsters and mobster wannabes. They mentioned “hang around guys,” who loiter on the fringes of the action; “front guys,” who provide an innocuous facade for illegal dealings; and “stand up guys” who refuse to rat out their colleagues by “rolling” or “turning over” when the authorities come calling."
This segment aired on July 3, 2013.