The 1914 Tour de France ended just days before the start of World War I. This year's race will commemorate the centennial of that tour and honor the many cyclists who died while serving in the war.
Nearly 1.4 million French men died in combat in World War I. In addition to the devastation to the nation as a whole, the pioneers of French cycling were hard hit.
An estimated 45 cyclists who had competed in the Tour de France died during World War I.
Among the popular riders who were killed in battle was 1909 Tour champion Francois Faber, who was born in France but was also a citizen of Luxembourg.
"[Faber] ... hated the heat. On one particularly hot stage during the 1909 Tour he stopped at a cafe and said that he was going no further. But he was persuaded to continue to race and, in fact, he won six stages in total," Clemitson said. "He dropped his chain about three kilometers from the finish line and he simply picked his bike up and ran, and the crowd went mad."
With heavy bikes and challenging conditions, Faber and his fellow riders needed a certain grit to succeed.
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Clemitson said the current tour will include a number of tributes.
"Stage 5 starts in the shadow of the Menin Gate, the huge memorial at Ypres, [Belgium], to the missing soldiers of the British and Commonwealth forces. There are 54,500 names of soldiers whose bodies were simply never found," Clemitson said. "Every evening they have a ceremony in which the lone bugler plays the "Last Post," so that will be an extremely moving stage."
The French also have a special remembrance scheduled for Stage 6 which runs from Arras to Reims. That stage will follow the Chemin des Dames, an area that saw heavy fighting during World War I.
"The French have planted cornflowers in remembrance. And during the podium presentation, the best young rider's jersey, which I think is particularly poignant, will bear a blue cornflower," Clemitson said."And of course, the act of remembrance for World War I won't stop in this race, in 2014. It will go on until 2018."
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