After a legal threat and a prolonged negotiation, Boston Public Schools committed to a new regime of student discipline Friday.
Effective immediately, the district will no longer suspend students in kindergarten, first and second grades. WBUR reporting found that more than 600 kindergartners were suspended in Massachusetts during the 2014-15 school year.
Under the agreement, Boston will also block suspensions for third to fifth graders starting next school year except in cases where those students have committed serious misconduct such as "serious physical harm," bringing a weapon to school or repeated bullying.
The district also pledged to train all educational staff on the negative effects suspensions have on student learning and on alternative "non-exclusionary" approaches to discipline.
In a statement, interim superintendent Laura Perille thanked Greater Boston Legal Services (GBLS) for working with the district on the new policies, and promised to follow through on "full implementation of [the new] disciplinary protocols" with staff.
The changes were drawn up in response to a threatened legal challenge from GBLS, which represents low-income clients.
But a complaint finalized by GBLS in early 2017 alleged that that was only half the story.
"All levels of BPS educational staff ... routinely call parents and instruct them to pick students up early," the complaint alleged. "If parents refuse, school leaders attempt to persuade, intimidate, or bully parents into compliance."
Elizabeth McIntyre led this effort as part of GBLS's School To Prison Pipeline Intervention Project. She said it sometimes took the form of escalating threats to parents: "'You have to come pick them up, or I'm gonna call the police.' 'You have to come pick them up, or I'm gonna call an ambulance.'"
Because this off-the-books process occurs without a suspension hearing, written notice of the action, GBLS argued that it is in violation of state law.
McIntyre said that she was "very impressed" with the way the district handled their complaint: agreeing to change its processes and guidance before the matter went to court. They negotiated for a year and a half over the provisions in Friday's settlement.
This problem has been widespread in the city and the state. McIntyre observed "unlawful suspensions" at more than 40 of Boston's 125 public schools, and said she hopes this agreement can be reproduced in other districts relying on this practice.
As it pressed this complaint, GBLS represented 283 students who were unlawfully suspended since 2014. All were students of color and all were low-income.
Irlanda Montrod's son was one of those students. As a sixth grader, he was suspended from TechBoston Academy after a verbal argument with a classmate.
Montrod's son was suspended for a total of five days without being granted a hearing. Montrod said she watched as her son, a good student, suffered at home or in the principal's office: "He wants to be with the other kids... He wants to be in school."
When discussing the new policies — which will also end the practice of suspensions without hearings — Montrod said, "I'm very happy. I can't believe what we just did."
This segment aired on November 16, 2018.