With an eye on the state's mid-century greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, Gov. Maura Healey announced Tuesday the launch of a "green bank" to pay for building retrofits and new construction of decarbonized buildings in Massachusetts. She hopes it will attract private investment and federal money.
The Massachusetts Community Climate Bank will get started with $50 million from the Department of Environmental Protection and will be run out of MassHousing. This makes Massachusetts the first state to establish a green bank within its housing finance agency and to make affordable housing the focus of its strategy, the governor announced Tuesday morning.
The Healey administration said it expects to provide low-cost capital and "innovative deal structures" to promote the integration of clean energy and efficient technology into affordable housing development, and mortgage products for home improvements.
The program aims to pick up the pace on building decarbonization projects by lending directly to building owners and by "attracting and de-risking" loans or investments from private lenders.
The program will look to take advantage of affordable housing refinance cycles to help pay for heat pumps, building envelope efficiency upgrades, heat pump water heaters, high-efficiency appliances, and solar panels as part of affordable housing renovations.
"The Massachusetts Community Climate Bank will be our financial engine for moving forward on our climate goals, relieving the pressure of high housing costs, and creating good jobs and healthier communities," Healey said.
Asked during a press conference Tuesday to describe how the green bank will work, Healey said that it was described to her as being similar to Hamburger Helper in that "it really enhances everything and leverages, you know, what we're able to do."
The building sector is responsible for more than 25% of greenhouse gas emissions in Massachusetts, and can be responsible for as much as 70% of total greenhouse gas emissions in the state's cities. The state's Clean Energy and Climate Plan calls for a 49% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from residential heating by 2030, and a 95% reduction by 2050.
Because buildings last for decades, the state is emphasizing retrofits (as opposed to building new efficient structures) as part of its decarbonization strategy. Officials previously estimated that more than 80% of the buildings that will exist here in 2050 are already built.
"In order to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, we in the Commonwealth need to get to work renovating and electrifying our dated housing stock as soon as possible," Sen. Marc Pacheco said.
The Healey administration said the bank will focus first on the affordable housing market since low- to moderate-income residents generally pay a disproportionate share of their income towards energy costs, have less control over their residences and have fewer resources to invest in clean energy technology.
Over time, officials said, the bank will diversify its investments to include "other decarbonization measures that benefit communities."
"The Massachusetts Community Climate Bank will allow us to pursue this important work at scale, accelerating our progress toward a net zero future, and centering equity for low- and moderate-income households and Environmental Justice communities," MassHousing Executive Director Chrystal Kornegay said.
The governor's office said the new green bank will also be positioned to compete for federal funding from the National Clean Investment Fund through the Inflation Reduction Act, and possibly to connect to other federal finance opportunities, like those at the U.S. Department of Energy Loan Program Office.
Last week, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration unveiled a $2.6 billion framework that the agency said is designed "to build climate resilience and support coastal communities" with Inflation Reduction Act funds. Details on how states could seek some of that money are expected to be available by early summer.
Tuesday's announcement makes good on a pledge the governor made on her first day in office.
As a candidate for governor, Healey said she would not commit to pursue a carbon tax and told a WBUR and Environmental League of Massachusetts forum that she favors multi-state programs like the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Transportation Climate Initiative, a similar market-based compact aimed at reducing transportation emissions that never materialized and collapsed in the face of opponents who highlighted gas price increases that it would spur.
"I know things fell apart, okay," Healey said, referring to TCI. "But we're in a different place than we were a year, or two, or three ago. And we have an opportunity to revisit that and I promise as governor I will bring the urgency to that and the commitment to trying to drive regional solutions to our climate needs," she said in May 2022.
This article was originally published on June 13, 2023.