A Decade Of Alzheimer's Devastating Impact09:53

Tom DeBaggio, a herb and gardening expert, was diagnosed with early onset Alzheimer's disease in 1999. (1999 File photo/Washington Post via Getty Images)
Tom DeBaggio, a herb and gardening expert, was diagnosed with early onset Alzheimer's disease in 1999. (1999 File photo/Washington Post via Getty Images)

In 1999, Tom DeBaggio was diagnosed with early onset Alzheimer's disease. He was 57. Soon after the diagnosis, he began talking with NPR about his illness. He wanted to document his decline, to break through what he called the "shame and silence" of Alzheimer's.

NPR's Noah Adams started the visits with Tom, his wife, Joyce, and his son, Francesco, at DeBaggio's Herb Farm and Nursery in Chantilly, Va.

"I still talk, I still stand up on both feet, I still look the same -- maybe they go out of here and say, 'Doesn't look like anything wrong with him.' And of course you don't see it," he said in 1999.

Over the course of a year, Tom DeBaggio described his growing confusion with language: the sudden, inexplicable tears. And the waves of anger that came with Alzheimer's.

I picked up the conversations in 2005. Tom took me through the nursery, proud to show off dozens of kinds of tomato plants.

When I visited Tom again three years ago, his decline was pronounced. He couldn't name the disease he has, but he could still express his feelings about it.

"I still don't understand why. It just happened in, I guess. I can still do things -- but it's hard to do. And I sure hope that Francesco and all of those people, and everybody like that, that they wouldn't have to go through this," he said.

Since then, I've kept thinking about DeBaggio and his family. Listeners have written in, too, wondering how they're doing.

The Update

A few weeks ago, I went to see them again. The visit began with this question to Joyce: "Would he want us to see him?"

"I know that's what he wanted," Joyce says. "Till the very end, he wants to people to know. We just discussed it endlessly. He wanted to throw it in people's faces basically, this is Alzheimer's."

Joyce took me to visit Tom at the nursing home where he's been living for the past two years.

She had resisted putting Tom there. She wanted him to be in his own house as long as possible. But finally, his care became overwhelming.

Tom was dressed and in a wheelchair when we got there. He can no longer walk or use his hands. His language now is gone. He's thinner than when I last saw him, his face hollow. But he had flashes of animation and smiles. And at moments, he seemed to want to express himself.

"Today is Friday, you're Tom DeBaggio. I'm Joyce. Francesco says 'hello,' " she said.

Throughout our visit, Joyce held Tom's hand, though she says she's not sure whether Tom wants her to touch him.

"Sometimes I think it's comforting and then other times I'm not sure. One time he actually said, 'Don't touch me.' Normally, he doesn't like to be handled, which I think is perfectly reasonable. When they change him, he screams and screams and lashes out. He's not going quietly."

At lunchtime, Joyce fed Tom. Everything was pureed, because swallowing is a problem.


It was a long, painstaking process.

When she left, she told him she'd see him next week.

"Bye-bye for now," she said. "For now. I'll be back, OK. I'll be back."

Tom and his wife Joyce at the family's herb farm and nursery in Chantilly, Va., in 2007. (Melissa Block/NPR)

'This Could Be Me'

Later that day, Joyce and I discussed the visit. We talked in the nursery, the business Tom started 35 years ago.

"He's truly trying to say something. There's something still in his mind. That's what's so heartbreaking, you don't know what's in his mind, what he's trying to say. What's so hurtful is I don't know if he knows that's he's not communicating. Because sometimes I feel that he's disappointed in my response because he'll sort of look away in disgust sometimes, like when I say, 'Oh yeah, yeah, OK,' in response to some babbling. Which was not the response, but I don't know what that's supposed to be because I don't know what he's saying."

I asked her if he still feels like her husband to her.

"Not really, no. I mean, I know it's Tom. It looks like Tom. I said, 'It,' I can't believe I just said, 'It.' But there's no communication. I mean, our relationship is based on communication. We talked about everything. We talked and talked and talked, and now we can't. That's been the most difficult."

After he was diagnosed, DeBaggio wrote two eloquent, intimate books about his life before and after Alzheimer's.

In one, he wrote of his fear that he has passed the genes for Alzheimer's on to son Francesco. That thought, he said, was "almost more than anyone could bear."

Francesco is 45 now. He runs the farm, and it's thriving. He says he and his father never talked about that genetic question.

"I know my mom has told me that they had those conversations," he says. "And I've never read the books. It's not something I think I can handle -- it's too raw. The double edge of it being my father and then applying all that to my future -- I just can't do it."

Tom's son Francesco DeBaggio, 45, with his dog Tucker, named after the lavender Tom introduced called Tucker's Early Purple. Francesco says he hasn't read the books his father wrote about Alzheimer's and isn't interested in seeing a genetic counselor. "It's just too raw," he says. (Melissa Block/NPR)

Francesco says he has no desire to see a genetic counselor.

"If they could do something preventively, and I found out, then I'd certainly be more likely to do it. ... I'm certainly going to be aware of the symptoms and hopefully be able to go at that point. But knowing ahead of time wouldn't give me any peace of mind. You know, when it first happened with him, I was thinking, 'Gosh, next week that could be happening to me.' I just was a little worried. And just keenly interested in what was happening to him, with the thought that, 'This could be me.' At the time it was, 'This will be. Now it's, this could be me.'"

Francesco got back to work in the sweltering heat. He told me the last time he went to see his father in the nursing home was last year, on Father's Day. He'll go back, he says, once work in the nursery slows down.

'It's Amazing How Many People Have The Same Story'

Joyce visits Tom once a week. She used to go almost every day. It gets harder and harder, she says. She'll sit in the parking lot for a long time to get her courage up.

It's been a long road for Joyce. She says that Tom's friends and fans ask about him, more and more -- or they'll ask her if he's still alive, she says.

"What's so wrenching, there's so many that have Alzheimer's in their family. Or they've just lost someone, or someone just been diagnosed. It just makes you cry, listening to all of their stories. It's heartening, too, that they can talk about it. It's absolutely amazing how many people have the same story."

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