A Muslim man living in the Indian city of Dadri, just outside New Delhi, was beaten to death by a mob of Hindus angry that the man allegedly had beef in his refrigerator that he was planning to eat.
The cow is considered sacred by Hindus, who make up the majority of the population in India, and the slaughter and consumption of beef is illegal in many - but not all - states.
The incident, which is not the only case of protest and violence in the name of beef, highlights a growing divide between India's Hindus and Muslims - a divide many attribute in part to the rise of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Here & Now's Jeremy Hobson speaks with Rahul Tandon of the BBC about how beef has become a political issue in India.
- Rahul Tandon, correspondent for the BBC in Kolkata. He tweets @rishavtandon.
This segment aired on October 13, 2015.