Often it takes decades for the Nobel Committee to recognize a scientific discovery. Not so in the case of the development that led to the 2006 Nobel Prize for Medicine. It's been just eight years since Craig Mello, a researcher and professor at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, collaborated with Andrew Fire of Stanford, to publish their discovery of "RNA Interference," a way of targeting genes and turning them off.
Their finding has since prompted a great deal of research in efforts to treat serious medical conditions. WBUR's Health and Science reporter Allan Coukell has more on the story.
Clarification: The co-recipient of the prize is Andrew Fire, as in the first mention of his name in this story. The second reference to Andy "Fine" is incorrect.
This program aired on October 3, 2006. The audio for this program is not available.