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President Obama is voicing unwavering opposition to extending Bush-era tax breaks for the nation's wealthiest families even for a year or two, drawing a sharp contrast with Republicans eight weeks before the November elections.
The president was to outline his stand Wednesday in a speech in Cleveland, where he also will propose a package of infrastructure investments and business tax incentives that the White House says will put the economy on a path toward long-term growth while allowing for some immediate job creation.
The Bush tax cuts, the most sweeping in a generation, are due to expire in January, setting up a big fight in Congress over what to do about them. Republicans and some Democrats want them to remain in place for a year or two or to make them permanent. Obama wants to make the tax cuts permanent for middle- and low-income families while allowing them to expire for individuals making more than $200,000 and married couples making more than $250,000.
The White House sees the issue as an opportunity to appeal to middle-class voters and independents who were crucial to Obama's election. In his speech, Obama will argue that the tax cuts for the wealthy would add $700 billion to the deficit, a sum the country can't afford as the economy struggles to recover.
House Republican Leader John Boehner, R-Ohio, offered his own proposals Wednesday, saying in a nationally broadcast interview that Congress should freeze all tax rates for two years and should cut federal spending to the levels of 2008, before the deep recession took hold.
"People are asking, 'Where are the jobs?"' Boehner said, calling the White House "out of touch" with the American public.
Obama is asking Congress to consider three proposals:
- A $50 billion infrastructure investment to rebuild and repair the nation's roads, railways and runways.
- A permanent extension of research and development tax credits for businesses.
- Tax breaks to let businesses quickly write off 100 percent of their spending on new plants and equipment through 2011.
Senior administration officials said the three proposals would be the full extent of new economic policies the president would announce before the midterms, eliminating the possibility of a pre-election freeze on payroll taxes, an idea supported by many businesses.
The officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to preview the president's speech, said Obama would draw a contrast between his economic proposals and those of the GOP, going so far as to give his remarks in the same city where Boehner outlined Republican economic ideas last month. Boehner at the time called for the ouster of Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and key White House economics adviser Larry Summers.
As he often does, Obama will paint Republican leaders as seeking a return to what he calls the failed economic policies of the past, singling out Boehner's call to extend tax cuts for the wealthy that were enacted by former President George W. Bush.
Senior White House adviser David Axelrod said Wednesday "the middle class has treaded water and lost ground" during the past decade. "What we can't afford is another $700 billion in tax cuts for millionaires and billionaires. More than half of those tax cuts would go to people making over $8 million a year. Doesn't make sense."
Some of the proposals Obama was to outline Wednesday have enjoyed broad bipartisan support in the past. That creates a dilemma for Republicans, who could be forced to choose between handing the president legislative victories ahead of the election or saying no to ideas they've previously supported.
The White House made no apologies for unveiling its proposals during the contentious pre-election months.
"We understand what season we've entered in Washington," said press secretary Robert Gibbs. Even if Congress doesn't take up Obama's new proposals before the elections, Gibbs said, "the president and the economic team still believe that these represent some very important ideas."
Mindful of the public's anger over the mounting federal deficit, the White House has carefully avoided calling the new economic proposals a stimulus plan, like the $814 billion economic package Congress passed last year.
Even with fresh proposals in hand, officials said the president would continue to prod the Senate to pass a bill that calls for about $12 billion in tax breaks for small businesses and a $30 billion fund to help unfreeze small business lending. Republicans have likened the bill to the unpopular bailout of the financial industry.
Boehner was interviewed on ABC's "Good Morning America," and Axelrod appeared on CBS's "The Early Show," and NBC's "Today" show.
This program aired on September 8, 2010. The audio for this program is not available.
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