'Casey At The Bat' — Revisiting The Mudville Nine And DeWolf Hopper

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These days, Casey at the Bat stands outside Space Coast Stadium in Viera, Florida. (Credit: Paul Sancya/AP)
These days, Casey at the Bat stands outside Space Coast Stadium in Viera, Florida. (Credit: Paul Sancya/AP)

His art is eccentricity, his aim
How not to hit the mark he seems to aim at
His passion how to avoid the obvious
His technique how to vary the avoidance.

Even if Robert Francis had ended his poem titled “The Pitcher” right there, the verse would have been worth remembering. And he’s not the only authentic poet to have brilliantly celebrated baseball.

William Carlos Williams wrote a poem titled “The crowd at the ball game,” which begins:

The crowd at the ball game
Is moved uniformly

by a spirit of uselessness
which delights them

all the exciting detail
of the chase

and the escape, the error
the flash of genius –

all to no end save beauty…

But the good work of authentic poets notwithstanding, if you say “poetry” and “baseball” to lots of people, they will think:

The outlook wasn’t brilliant for the Mudville nine that day:
The score stood four to two, with but one inning more to play…

Yup. Casey at the Bat, performed by DeWolf Hopper in 1909. No poem set in a game has achieved the notoriety of Ernest Lawrence Thayer’s doggerel, with which he tells the story of how the heroic Casey comes to the plate with the game on the line, lets two perfectly good strikes go by, and then whiffs, rendering Mudville joyless. DeWolf Hopper, an accomplished thespian, read the melodramatic verse in packed theaters. Some members of the audience recited along with him. Others wept.

“Casey’s” charms have endured. He is the hero brought low. It’s a dependable theme. And there’s some suspense as the two batters preceding Casey, the hapless Flynn and even less promising Blake, both reach base. Then Casey lets two strikes go by, setting up the climax of the poem…though probably anyone should have been able to guess from the outset how that particular at-bat would turn out.

I mean, Mudville.

Casey plays for “the Mudville nine.” How likely is it that a team from a town called Mudville would prevail?

And then there’s age. On that memorable day he stepped to the plate, Casey’d been around for a while. How else would he have established such a reputation?

Then from five thousand throats went up a lusty yell;
It rumbled in the valley, it rattled in the dell;
It knocked upon the mountaintop and recoiled upon the flat,
For Casey, mighty Casey, was advancing to the bat.

All of Mudville believed if Casey could “but get a whack,” they would go home triumphant. They might even forget for a moment that they lived in Mudville.

Then when the writhing pitcher ground the ball into his hip,
Defiance gleamed in Casey’s eye, a sneer curled Casey’s lip.

All of Mudville believed if Casey could “but get a whack,” they would go home triumphant. They might even forget for a moment that they lived in Mudville.

So by the time the pathetic Flynn and undependable Blake reached base and Casey picked up the bat with which he intended to banish the gloom to which Mudvillians awoke each day, it felt heavy. His back probably hurt. Also his knees. In short, he was no longer the Casey of old; he was just old Casey.

Ernest Lawrence Thayer may not have been a great poet, but he understood the nature of myth well enough to know that it’s the fate of heroes to take on one-too-many dragons.

Mr. Thayer draws Casey’s flaw in capital letters. It’s pride. He’s over-confident. There is “ease” in his manner when he steps to the plate. There was no ease in the manner of Willie Mays when he stepped to the plate. And did Willie Mays ever sneer at the fellow on the mound? I think not. Casey’s lucky the pitcher didn’t start him off with a fastball in the ear.

Instead he gets strikes. Hittable pitches. But Casey opts for drama.

Close by the sturdy batsman the ball unheeded sped –
'That ain’t my style,' said Casey. 'Strike one,” the umpire said.'

Casey waits until he has only one chance to lighten hearts in Mudville. By the time he exercises “Christian charity” toward the umpire by urging the fans not to go through with their murderous intentions against him, it’s too late. God is shaking his head, though probably not sneering. “What do you want?” He or She is saying. “I gave you two pitches to hit. Siddown, ya bum, ya.”

Hopper, above, recited "Casey" for one of the first "talkies" ever made. (Public Domain)
Hopper, above, recited "Casey" for one of the first "talkies" ever made. (Public Domain)

It makes a terrible kind of sense, just as tragedy is meant to do.

And then the game ends, exactly when the poem does.

"Mighty Casey has struck out."

Then, I imagine, Casey, baffled at his failure, probably slouches back toward the dugout. Maybe he’ll hang on for another summer or two, but his salary will be cut. One day as he’s chasing a fly ball, he’ll stumble like some old man tripped up by an uneven sidewalk. One fan in the near-empty bleachers will turn to another and say, "Geez, he should have quit a couple years ago.” Soon enough Casey will be hanging at the Mudville Tap Room, telling his story for beers, insisting that the third strike was a spitball.

Because "Casey At The Bat" is not tragedy. It’s pathos. And while it would be presumptuous to rewrite tragedy, that’s not necessarily the case here, which explains why lots of people have offered alternative endings to the story. It’s a temptation hard to resist.

The sneer is gone from Casey’s lip, his teeth are clenched in hate;
Alas, for what he might do next, it’s suddenly too late.
For Flynn, an absent-minded guy, a goofy sort of bird…
Has wandered from the base a bit and been picked off of third.

No? Okay, how about…

Oh somewhere in this favored land the sun is shining bright.
But Mudville’s gloom ain’t permanent; folks there have got it right:
The fact that Casey let them down won’t really change a lot.
The Nine of Mudville? As a team, they’ve never been so hot,
And whether they have lost or won, as dark gives way to dawn…

The citizens of Mudville rise each day and soldier on.

As do the citizens of Minneapolis, San Diego, Chicago, Baltimore and so on. Their teams are stretching in the sun in Florida and Arizona even now. And soon they’ll bring back to cities across the land the game in which the very best hitters fail about twice as often as they don’t, and many citizens will show up to watch, as they always do.

Casey struck out. So did Babe Ruth and Willie Mays. And so do Miguel Cabrera and Bryce Harper, who’ll get ‘em next time, until there is no next time, at which point somebody else will get ‘em.  It’s the nature of the game.

This segment aired on February 27, 2016.

Headshot of Bill Littlefield

Bill Littlefield Host, Only A Game
Bill Littlefield was the host of Only A Game from 1993 until 2018.



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