A generation of young Muslims took to the streets. They had no clear leaders. No defined end goals. They were angry. About unemployment rates that have reached 50 percent in some neighborhoods. About government promises not delivered. About their exclusion from a society that embraces the ideal of integration, not multiculturalism.
Today about 10 percent of France's population is Muslim. And they remain on the outside. A state of emergency, curfews and the threat of deportation has temporarily quieted the dark rage that surfaced in the last weeks. A dark rage that Americans should pay attention to. Since America, too, is deeply divided.
Christopher Dickey, Paris Bureau Chief/Middle East Regional Editor, Newsweek Magazine
Dominique Moisi, deputy director, The French Institute of International Relations. He is also editor of the quarterly review "Politique Etrangere," professor at the Institut d'Etude Politique de Paris and a columnist for the Financial Times.
Olivier Roy, research director at the French National Center for Scientific Research. He is author of "Globalised Islam: The search for a new ummah." His Op-Ed "Get French or Die Trying" appeared in Wednesday's New York Times.
Tariq Ramadan, visiting professor at Oxford University in England. He is author of, "Western Muslims and the Future of Islam."
Jack Beatty, On Point news analyst
This program aired on November 11, 2005. The audio for this program is not available.